Green bean is amongst the most common vegetable in home gardens. However, many people still may not know how to get the highest yield for this such popular plant.
Opting for an effective crop? Below is the information about: when to plant, the time period to grow, the number of harvesting times, how many green beans per plant, and how to have the highest beans.
What months do you plant beans?
Normally, spring is the best season for planting green beans. The bean seeds are too sensitive to frost, hence you need to wait until spring – when the soil gets warm.
Winter is not the ideal time for bean planting because moist soil will delay germination and cause the seeds to rot.
Furthermore, do not soak the seeds before planting. Soaking them may deprive them of oxygen leading to the damage of their embryos. Consequently, most of the seeds will fail to germinate and your green bean plant yield will be lower.
How long does it take for green beans to grow?
Bush beans produce in about 50 to 55 days after sowing. They often come in all at once, so remember to stagger your planting every two weeks.
Pole beans tend to produce constantly throughout the season, about 55 to 65 days after planting. This type of bean must be harvested continuously because when the fruits are too old, the tree cannot continue flowering.
How many times do green beans produce?
In general, bush beans produce most of their crop at once while pole beans need their vines to grow and will have results in a month or two. Remember to harvest the pole beans timely and continuously to promote more sprouting.
Green beans are not difficult to plant but do not ignore those tips below to harvest a successful crop and become a “green beans expert”:
- Harvest in the morning at which their sugar level is highest.
- Harvest young and tender beans before the seeds have fully developed inside.
- Harvest green beans when pods are young and tender (about 3 inches long).
- Bean pods will past their peak when you see they are bulging.
- Ensure not to tear the plant when cut the beans off the plant.
How many green beans per plant?
Green beans yield depends on various factors such as location, weather, pests, soil, or even seasons.
- For the bush beans:
Normally, if the distance between two plants is about 2-3 inches, and the row is 100 feet, the productivity can reach 75 lbs of beans. It can reach 150 lbs if you plant the organic beans.
Thus, the output of bush beans ranges from 0.125 lb to 0.1875 lb per plant (0.25lb – 0.375lb for the organic).
- For the pole beans:
Planting 3 or 4 seeds around each pole works the best. Much more than that, the foliage gets so thick and the vines tend to strangle each other off.
Pole beans can be planted close together and then thinned to about 6 to 10 inches apart after germination. This type of bean produces fruit frequently, so it is not easy to calculate productivity.
How to get the highest yield?
Light is basically food for your plants. If they receive enough sunlight, they can produce a bumper crop. However, too hot and too dry conditions can make them drop their flowers or young beans before they are big enough to harvest.
The soil must be maintained moisturizing throughout the planting process. Additionally, layers of mulch can keep the ground warm in the middle of summer and prevent damage.
Water also plays an important role in the yield. A drip irrigation system does better than water from above because it prevents the dirt from splashing up on the leaves. Paying attention to irrigation when the plants are flowering and producing pods.
To achieve optimum bean production, fertilizer management is required. The use of fertilizer or compost is highly recommended for bean growing especially in areas where soils are in low organic land. Ensure to fertilize after heavy bloom and the set of pods.
The perfect air temperature for the highest quality beans harvest is between 65 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit. If the temperature is either too high or too low, it can harmfully impact the development of beans.
In addition, to keep an eye on the above external factors, you can also build a bean tipi or trellis before planting them so that the plants’ fragile roots are not disturbed. Another inexpensive, attractive trellis for the garden is setting up a “cattle panel”. The beans can climb easily and you can pick them up without any entangle.
Green beans do not require loads of effort or a spacious garden but are incredibly productive. Hope that this article did help you answer the question “how much green beans per plant” as well as how to its potential yield.